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Saturday, August 20, 2016

Vehicle Manufacturing | Entrepreneur

 The Automotive Manufacturing Industry Certificate (AMIC) has been the benchmark for vehicle manufacturers in South Africa for many years, but this certificate has not been aligned to unit standards. This has meant that learners who have gone through the learning process have achieved valuable skills, but have not received any form of recognition for these skills. Various interventions have been entered into over the years to try and align the AMIC programme with SAQA unit standards and qualifications, but it was found that the AMIC programme was more complex than a SAQA qualification and covered various unrelated areas. This difficulty has been addressed by focusing achievement of this qualification on the essential elements of vehicle manufacturing and allowing manufacturers to choose additional existing courses for their learners in more generic areas such as logistics, administration, quality assurance and technical non-production. This means that a qualification can now be developed to give recognition for all people who work in a vehicle manufacturing plant in any of the areas identified as a specialisation for this qualification.
This qualification has been designed to specifically cater for the unique needs of the South African vehicle manufacturers and is at a level below that which most other countries provide training at. The countries looked at for international comparability include Japan, Germany, Thailand, England, Spain, Mexico, Turkey, United States of America and Brazil.

South Africa has adopted a much more labour intensive approach to manufacturing vehicles in order to provide jobs and meet economic requirements. Each of the above countries use skilled artisans to manufacture vehicles, and focus on advanced technology and robotics more than the South African manufacturers. These countries also only employ qualified people in the manufacturing plant, whereas South Africa employs unskilled labour that can be trained to this qualification in a manner that integrates learning and work. Where additional training is required in the other countries, training is conducted off the production line, whereas the training in South Africa is conducted in the plant.

Elements of the Institute of Motor Industry (IMI) in the UK have been used in benchmarking best practice procedures in some of the unit standards used in this qualification. The NVQ qualifications offered in the UK cover all the same objectives of this qualification but at a higher level of complexity. The qualifications are offered as an internship wherein the learner enrols with a college or training centre for the theoretical component, and achieves the practical component in-house. The qualifications are all based on specific levels of performance, and lead to progressive levels of complexity, but are identified as separate qualifications.The qualifications offered in Germany are also vocational qualifications with theoretical components being achieved through a specified period at a training centre. The qualifications are aimed at achieving complete competence in all aspects of vehicle manufacturing through a progressive series of qualifications and includes mechanical, electrical and coach works. The training programmes are progressive qualifications of one-year duration each and include ongoing training through workbooks in which the trainee is required to complete evidence of understanding for each month of the registered year of learning. Germany has a requirement that competent people be licensed to operate under the meister (master craftsman) programme, and this licence is valid for a period of two years.

 America uses a system of specialisation areas, with a master technician being identified as a person who is competent in all areas and will be able to assemble any part of a vehicle. The learning is conducted through apprenticeships and has specialisation areas for engine technicians, transmission technicians, steering and suspension technicians, brake technicians, electrical system technicians, heating and air-conditioning technicians, driveability and performance technicians and lubrication technicians.

Other African countries do not have full manufacturing plants, but import semi knocked down units that are then assembled by trained operators without a formal qualification. It is anticipated that this qualification will have a strong appeal within the African market and will provide qualifications for people that would otherwise be unrecognised for their skills and knowledge.

Registration as vehicle manufacturer or importer
Should you want to manufacture, import or build motor vehicles in South Africa for profit, you must first register with the provincial department of transport. Once the department receives your application, it will send an inspector to determine if you comply with the relevant regulations. Your business will also be subjected to South African Police Service (SAPS) clearance.
What you should do
  1. Go to the provincial department of transport and submit the following:
    • a completed application and notice in respect of manufacturer/importer/ builder of vehicles (MIB) form
    • certified copy of the applicant’s identity document (ID)
    • certified copy of the proxy’s ID (if the applicant is a body of persons)
    • certified copy of the business certificate (if the applicant is a body of persons)
    • letter of proxy if you represent a company 
    • custom code number from the South African Revenue Service (SARS) (if you are an importer)
    • proof of VAT registration from SARS
How long does it take
Registration is subject to the relevant MEC’s approval and the registration certificate is issued on such approval.
How much does it cost
Contact your local department of transport for the cost.
Forms to complete
Application and notice in respect of manufacturer/importer/builder of vehicles (MIB) form. Forms are obtainable at the registering authority or you can download them from the eNaTIS website.

NAAMSA - The National Association of Automobile Manufacturers of South Africa - is an  important source of information about the motor industry in sub-Saharan Africa. After 50 years of being the official body representing new vehicle manufacturers, it is now going through major changes in line with the transformation of the industry. The NAAMSA membership base now includes major importers and distributors of new vehicles as well as local manufacturers and assemblers, making it the pre-eminent organisation for all franchise holders marketing vehicles in South Africa.

Every month, NAAMSA makes the headlines with its release of the latest new vehicle sales figures, which have become recognised as significant barometers of the country's economic activity, consumer trends and general fiscal health. The compilation of these sales statistics is a sophisticated operation on a par with similar motor industry marketing information gathering in the industrialised nations of Europe and North America. The figures are far more detailed than the summaries carried in the general media suggest and you can find an in-depth analysis and graphs in our web pages or contact NAAMSA directly at the address below - which should, in any case, be your first call if you are new to the South African market and serious about doing business in the motor industry here.

There is a NAAMSA working group or specialist committee tackling each of the major issues facing the industry - ranging from local content to vehicle crime and safety legislation. A sign of the times is the new NAAMSA Export Division as the industry reaches for overseas markets, and a whole range of activities linked to the Motor Industry Development Programmes.
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